*Science*June 3, 2016,

*Peering through Jupiter's clouds with Radio Spectral Imaging,*demonstrates the gravito-thermal greenhouse effect on Jupiter and that atmospheric temperatures are a function of pressure, independent of greenhouse gas concentrations. Jupiter is a gaseous planet with an atmosphere comprised almost entirely of the non-greenhouse gases hydrogen and helium, yet is capable of generating 67% more radiation than it receives from the Sun, and has estimated temperatures at the Jovian core of more than 20,000°C, more than three times as hot as the surface of the Sun. Jupiter, however, only receives 3.6% as much solar radiation per meter squared as the Earth. The only possible explanation for this "temperature enhancement" or "greenhouse effect" is atmospheric mass/pressure/gravity (the gravito-thermal greenhouse effect of Maxwell/Poisson/Clausius et al), and which is entirely independent of greenhouse gas concentrations.

Prior work has confirmed the gravito-thermal greenhouse effect on

*Poisson Relation*of the gravito-thermal greenhouse effect.

Referring to fig. 1 of the paper, we find at 0.1 bar pressure on Jupiter, the corresponding temperature is~112°K, and at 11 bars pressure corresponds to 400°K or 260°F:

Fig 1 from the paper. The dotted line is the atmospheric temperature vs. pressure curve on Jupiter. At 11 bars pressure, the temperature is 400°K or 127°C or 260°F. |

T/To = (P/Po)^0.286 ~= 400°K/112°K = (11 bar/0.1 bar)^.286

and once again demonstrates that the catastrophic anthropogenic global warming (CAGW) theory is a myth, that atmospheric temperatures are controlled by mass/gravity/pressure and are independent of greenhouse gas concentrations on any of these 9 planets with atmospheres, including Earth. Adding additional CO2 plant food to the atmosphere will undoubtedly green the Earth, but Earth's climate sensitivity to CO2 is effectively zero.

Fig. 7.
a) Dry adiabatic response of the air/surface temperature ratio to pressure changes in the free atmosphere according to Poisson’s formula. The reference pressure is arbitrarily assumed to be p_{o}=100 kPa;b) The SB radiation law expressed as a response of a blackbody temperature ratio to variation in photon pressure (see text for details).Figure 5. Atmospheric near-surface Thermal Enhancement (NTE) as a function of mean total surface pressure (Ps) for 8 celestial bodies listed in Table 1. See Eq. (7) for the exact mathematical formula. Source: Nikolov & ZellerFigure 6. Temperature/potential temperature ratio as a function of atmospheric pressure according to the Poisson formula based on the Gas Law (Po = 100 kPa.). Note the striking similarity in shape with the curve in Fig. 5. |

# NASA Jupiter Fact Sheet

## Jupiter/Earth Comparison

### Bulk parameters

Jupiter Earth Ratio (Jupiter/Earth) Mass (10^{24}kg) 1,898.19 5.9724 317.83 Volume (10^{10}km^{3}) 143,128 108.321 1321.33 Radius (1 bar level) (km) Equatorial 71,492 6,378.1 11.209 Polar 66,854 6,356.8 10.517 Volumetric mean radius (km) 69,911 6,371.0 10.973 Ellipticity 0.06487 0.00335 19.36 Mean density (kg/m^{3}) 1,326 5,514 0.240 Gravity (eq., 1 bar) (m/s^{2}) 24.79 9.80 2.530 Acceleration (eq., 1 bar) (m/s^{2}) 23.12 9.78 2.364 Escape velocity (km/s) 59.5 11.19 5.32 GM (x 10^{6}km^{3}/s^{2}) 126.687 0.39860 317.83 Bond albedo 0.343 0.306 1.12 Visual geometric albedo 0.52 0.367 1.42 Visual magnitude V(1,0) -9.40 -3.86 -Solar irradiance (W/mMoment of inertia (I/MR^{2}) 50.26 1361.0 0.037 Black-body temperature (K) 109.9 254.0 0.433^{2}) 0.254 0.3308 0.768 J_{2}(x 10^{-6}) 14,736 1082.63 13.611 Number of natural satellites 67 1 Planetary ring system Yes No

### Orbital parameters

Jupiter Earth Ratio (Jupiter/Earth) Semimajor axis (10* System III (1965.0) coordinates^{6}km) 778.57 149.60 5.204 Sidereal orbit period (days) 4,332.589 365.256 11.862 Tropical orbit period (days) 4,330.595 365.242 11.857 Perihelion (10^{6}km) 740.52 147.09 5.034 Aphelion (10^{6}km) 816.62 152.10 5.369 Synodic period (days) 398.88 - - Mean orbital velocity (km/s) 13.06 29.78 0.439 Max. orbital velocity (km/s) 13.72 30.29 0.453 Min. orbital velocity (km/s) 12.44 29.29 0.425 Orbit inclination (deg) 1.304 0.000 - Orbit eccentricity 0.0489 0.0167 2.928 Sidereal rotation period (hours) 9.9250* 23.9345 0.415 Length of day (hrs) 9.9259 24.0000 0.414 Obliquity to orbit (deg) 3.13 23.44 0.134 Inclination of equator (deg) 3.13 23.44 0.134

### Jovian Atmosphere

Surface Pressure: >>1000 bars Temperature at 1 bar: 165 K (-108 C) Temperature at 0.1 bar: 112 K (-161 C)Density at 1 bar: 0.16 kg/m^{3}Wind speeds Up to 150 m/s<30 40="" degrees="" latitude="" m="" s="" to="" up=""> Scale height: 27 km Mean molecular weight: 2.22 Atmospheric composition (by volume, uncertainty in parentheses) Major: Molecular hydrogen (H_{2}) - 89.8% (2.0%); Helium (He) - 10.2% (2.0%) Minor (ppm): Methane (CH_{4}) - 3000 (1000); Ammonia (NH_{3}) - 260 (40); Hydrogen Deuteride (HD) - 28 (10); Ethane (C_{2}H_{6}) - 5.8 (1.5); Water (H_{2}O) - 4 (varies with pressure) Aerosols: Ammonia ice, water ice, ammonia hydrosulfide